Corpus Christi is a coastal city in the South Texas region of the U.S. state of Texas. The county seat of Nueces County, it also extends into Aransas, Kleberg, and San Patricio counties. The metropolitan area US Census estimated population in 2013, was 442,600. The population was 316,381 at the 2013 US Census estimate, making it the eighth most populous city in the state of Texas. It is the principal city of the tri-county Corpus Christi metropolitan area, as well as the larger six county Corpus Christi-Kingsville-Alice Combined Statistical Area, with a 2013 Census estimate at 516,793. The translation from Latin of the city’s name (Corpus Christi) means Body of Christ. The name was given to the settlement and surrounding bay by Spanish explorer Alonso Álvarez de Pineda in 1519, when he discovered the lush semi-tropical bay on the feast day celebrating the “Body of Christ.” The city has the nicknames “Texas Riviera” and “Sparkling City by the Sea”, particularly in literature promoting tourism.
The city is home to the Port of Corpus Christi, the fifth largest in the United States, and is served by the Corpus Christi International Airport.
Corpus Christi was founded in 1839 by Colonel Henry Lawrence Kinney as Kinney’s Trading Post, or Kinney’s Ranch. It was a small trading post that sold supplies to a Mexican revolutionary army camped about 25 miles (40 km) west. In July 1845, U.S. troops commanded by General Zachary Taylor set up camp there in preparation for war with Mexico, where they remained until March 1846. Approximately one year later, the settlement was named Corpus Christi and was incorporated on 9 September 1852.
The Battle of Corpus Christi was fought between August 12 and August 18 1862, during the American Civil War. United States Navy forces blockading Texas fought a small land and sea engagement with Confederate forces in and around Corpus Christi Bay and bombarded the city. Union forces defeated Confederate States Navy ships operating in the area but were repulsed when they landed on the coast.
The Port of Corpus Christi was opened in 1926 and the Corpus Christi Naval Air Station was commissioned in 1941.
The city suffered damage from Hurricane Celia in 1970 and Hurricane Allen in 1980.